Migration from Deimos to Atlas (Outdated)¶
This page is deprecated! Atlas is a former system!
Atlas is a different machine than Deimos, please have a look at the table:
|number of hosts||584||92|
|cores per host||2...8||64|
|memory [GB] per host||8...64||64..512|
|example benchmark: SciMark (higher is better)||655||584|
A single thread on Atlas runs with a very poor performance in comparison with the 6 year old Deimos. The reason for this is that the AMD CPU codenamed "Bulldozer" is designed for multi-threaded use.
We have grouped the module definitions for a better overview. This is
only for displaying the available modules, not for loading a module. All
available modules can be made visible with
module load ALL; module av.
Although we are running LSF as batch system there are certain differences to the older versions known from Deimos and Mars.
The most important changes are:
- Specify maximum runtime instead of a queue (
- Specify needed memory (per process in MByte) with
-M <memory per process in MByte>, the default is 300 MB, e.g.
|Hosts on Atlas||Count||Per Process/Core User Memory Limit in MB (
|nodes with 64 GB RAM||48||940|
|nodes with 128 GB RAM||24||1950|
|nodes with 256 GB RAM||12||4000|
|nodes with 512 GB RAM||8||8050|
- Jobs with a job runtime greater than 72 hours (jobs that will run in
long) will be collected over the day and scheduled in a time window in accordance with their priority.
- Interactive Jobs with X11 tunneling need an additional option
-XFto work (
bsub -Is -XF -n <N> -W <hh:mm> -M <MEM> bash).
- The load of the system can be seen with
Atlas is designed as a high-throughput machine. With the large compute nodes you have to be more precise in your resource requests.
- In ninety nine percent of the cases it is enough when you specify
your processor requirements with
-n <n>and your memory requirements with
-M <memory per process in MByte>.
- Please use
-x("exclusive use of a hosts") only with care and when you really need it.
- The option
-xin combination with
-n 1leads to an "efficiency" of only 1.5% - in contrast with 50% on the single socket nodes at Deimos.
- You will be charged for the whole blocked host(s) within your CPU hours budget.
- Don't use
-xfor memory reasons, please use
- Please use
-M <memory per process in MByte>to specify your memory requirements per process.
- Please don't use
-R "span[ptile=<n>]"or any other
-R "..."option, the batch system is smart enough to select the best hosts in accordance with your processor and memory requirements.
- Jobs with a processor requirement ≤ 64 will always be scheduled on one node.
- Larger jobs will use just as many hosts as needed, e.g. 160 processes will be scheduled on three hosts.
For more details, please see the pages on LSF.
Depending on the applications we have seen a broad variety of different performances running binaries from Deimos on Atlas. Some can run without touching, with others we have seen significant degradations so that a re-compile made sense.
As a default, all applications provided by ZIH should run an atlas without problems. Please tell us if you are missing your application or experience severe performance degradation. Please include "Atlas" in your subject.
From the benchmarking point of view, the best compiler for the AMD Bulldozer processor, the best compiler comes from the Open64 suite. For convenience, other compilers are installed, Intel 12.1 shows good results as well. Please check the best compiler flags at [this overview] developer.amd.com/Assets/CompilerOptQuickRef-62004200.pdf.
MPI Parallel Applications¶
Please note the more convenient syntax on Atlas. Therefore, please use a command like
bsub -W 2:00 -M 200 -n 8 mpirun a.out
to submit your MPI parallel applications.